- Holocaust Period The German army entered the town on Sept. 5, 1939, and five days later they burned the Great Synagogue in the Old City. About 50 houses surrounding the synagogue, which were inhabited exclusively by Jews, went up in flames and 60 Jews were burned to death. During 1940–41 the situation in Bedzin was considered somewhat better than in most other places in occupied Poland (Bedzin and its neighbor sosnowiec were for a long time the only large cities in Poland where no ghetto was established). For this reason thousands of Jews from central Poland sought refuge there. Several thousand Jews from the district were expelled and forced to reside in Bedzin, among them all the Jews from Oswiecim (German name – Auschwitz), who arrived in April–May 1941, prior to the construction of the Auschwitz camp. About 6,500 Jews in the town were sent to forced labor camps and others were put to work locally making clothing and boots for the German army. In May and June 1942 the first deportations took place in which 2,400 "nonproductive" Jews were sent to their death in Auschwitz. On Aug. 15, 1942, about 8,000–10,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz, while others were shot on the spot for disobeying German orders. In spring 1943 a ghetto was established in the suburb of Kamionka. On June 22, 1943, 4,000 Jews were deported and on August 1, 1943, the final liquidation of the ghetto began. In all, about 30,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz from Bedzin. Only a limited number of Jews survived the concentration camps by hiding. The Jewish underground resistance in Bedzin became active at the beginning of 1940. They circulated illegal papers and made contact with the Warsaw Ghetto underground. After the establishment of the ghetto, the underground concentrated mainly on preparations for armed resistance. A unified fighting organization came into being with strong ties with the Jewish Fighting Organization of the Warsaw Ghetto. On Aug. 3, 1943, during the last deportation, some armed resistance broke out. Among the fighters who fell in battle was the leading Jewish partisan Frumka Plot-nicka. Deportees from Bedzin played a major role in the underground and uprising in the Auschwitz death camp (among them – Jeshajahu Ehrlich, Moshe Wygnanski, Ala Gertner, and Rosa Sapirstein). Although some Jewish survivors settled in Bedzin after the war (in 1946 the Jewish population numbered 150 people), all of them left after some time. (Stefan Krakowski) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Yidishe Ekonomik (1938), 488–90; A.S. Stein (ed.), Pinkas Bendin (Heb. and Yid., 1959). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y.Rapaport (ed.), Pinkas Zaglembie (1972); D. Liver, Ir ha-Meitim (1946); Hancia u-Frumka (1945); PK.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Bedzin — Będzin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Będzin — Będzin … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Bedzin — Będzin Będzin … Wikipédia en Français
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Będzin — [ bɛndʑin], Stadt in Polen, Bendzin. … Universal-Lexikon
Będzin — (Polish), Bendin Бендин (Russian), Bendin בענדין (Yiddish), Bendzin (German) … Names of cities in different languages
Będzin — Infobox Settlement name = Będzin motto = Civitas Regi Bendzinensis imagesize = 250px image caption = Będzin Castle image shield = POL Będzin COA.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL… … Wikipedia
Bedzin — Bę·dzin (bĕnʹjēn ) A town of southern Poland northeast of Katowice. It was part of Russia from 1815 to 1919. Population: 77,100. * * * ▪ Poland city, Śląskie województwo (province), southern Poland, just northeast of Katowice, near the… … Universalium
Bedzin — Original name in latin Bdzin Name in other language Bedzin, Bendzhin, Bendzin, Bendzina, Bendzinas, Bedzina, Bdzin, ben jin, bndyn, Бенджин, Бендзин, Бенђин State code PL Continent/City Europe/Warsaw longitude 50.32607 latitude 19.12565 altitude… … Cities with a population over 1000 database